Shearing is a metal fabricating process used to cut straight lines on flat metal stock. During the shearing process, an upper blade and a lower blade are forced past each other with the space between them determined by a required offset. Normally, one of the blades remains stationary.
The shearing process characteristics include:
The illustration that follows provides a two-dimensional look at a typical metal shearing process. Note how the upper shear blade fractures the metal workpiece held in place by the workholding devices. The sheared piece drops away.
Typically, the upper shear blade is mounted at an angle to the lower blade that is normally mounted horizontally. The shearing process performs only fundamental straight-line cutting but any geometrical shape with a straight line cut can usually be produced on a shear.
Metal shearing can be performed on sheet, strip, bar, plate, and even angle stock. Bar and angle materials can only be cut to length. However, many shapes can be produced by shearing sheet and plate.
Materials that are commonly sheared include:
The laser cutting process
Laser cutting is a precise method of cutting a design from a given material using a CAD file translated into Numerical Code (NC) to guide it. There are three main types of lasers used in the industry: Fiber Lasers, CO2 lasers Nd and Nd-YAG. TCS uses state-of-the-art Amada Ensis 3015AJ Fiber Laser that is capable cutting a wide range of metals (Aluminum, Steel, Copper, Brass, Titanium, etc) from 16GA through 1" thick Cold-Rolled Steel on sheets up to 120" x 60". This involves firing a laser which cuts by melting, burning or vaporizing your material. A fine level of cutting detail can be achieved on a wide variety of materials.
Laser head and tolerance
The Ensis 3015AJ uses highly efficient and robust solid-state laser diodes as the photonics engine that powers the fiber laser and transfer light from the source to the laser cutting head in fiber optic cables. This enables a highly efficient, and well controlled cutting process to ensure outstanding cut quality while achieving tight tolerances down to 0.002".
The kerf refers to how much of the material the laser takes away when cutting through. (the width of the groove made while cutting.) This varies from material to material and is also dependent on the laser beam tolerance i.e. the width of the beam.
Punching is a metal fabricating process that removes a scrap slug from the metal workpiece each time a punch enters the punching die. This process leaves a hole in the metal workpiece.
Characteristics of the punching process include:
The punching process forces a steel punch, made of hardened steel, into and through a workpiece. The punch diameter determines the size of the hole created in the workpiece.
The illustration that follows provides a two-dimensional look at a typical punching process. Note how the workpiece remains and the punched part falls out as scrap as the punch enters the die. The scrap drops through the die and is normally collected for recycling.
Punched material is most normally in sheets. Roll material can also be punched.
The illustration that follows shows a few common punch and die configurations and the workpieces that would be formed by this combination. Multiple punches can be used together to produce a complete part with just one stroke of the press.
Forming, metal forming, is the metalworking process of fashioning metal parts and objects through mechanical deformation; the workpiece is reshaped without adding or removing material, and its mass remains unchanged.Forming operates on the materials science principle of plastic deformation, where the physical shape of a material is permanently deformed.
On the industrial scale, forming is characterized by:
Forming processes tend to be categorised by differences in effective stresses. These categories and descriptions are highly simplified, since the stresses operating at a local level in any given process are very complex and may involve many varieties of stresses operating simultaneously, or it may involve stresses which change over the course of the operation.
What’s the difference between MIG and TIG welding? Both processes use electrical arcs to produce heat and join metallic components, and both processes use an inert gas mixture to prevent corrosion of welding electrode. But, there are some key differences between these two electrical arc welding processes:
How Each Process Works:
Suitability for Welding Thicker Metal Objects:
Ease of Control:
Which One is Better? The answer depends on the job in question. As noted earlier, MIG welding is typically better for heavy-duty welding work where larger, thicker pieces of metal are being joined because it uses filler material.
However, TIG welding can work wonders for joining smaller pieces of metal, such as the wires for a custom steel wire basket. Also, because the TIG process directly joins two pieces of metal, there’s no filler material to fail.
In short, choosing one welding solution as the best should be done on a case-by-case basis, which is why TCS Industries supports a wide range of tools and technologies for completing welds.
Powder Coating is a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. The main difference between a conventional liquid paint and a powder coating is that the powder coating does not require a solvent to keep the binder and filler parts in a liquid suspension form. The coating is typically applied electrostatically and is then cured under heat to allow it to flow and form a “skin”. The powder may be a thermoplastic or a thermoset polymer. It is usually used to create a hard finish that is tougher than conventional paint.
Assembly can be done depending on level of service. Please call us at (505) 292-2418 for additional information.
TSC Industries’ goal is to provide a value-added service to all customers through optimizing the production process of each part/assembly while meeting customers specifications. When a prototype is required, TCS will engage customers to provide optimal production solutions leveraging decades of knowledge in precision sheet metal manufacturing. Parts can be/are manufactured from a variety of materials including cold & hot rolled steel, stainless steel, aluminum, copper, other metals as needed.